Monkeypox outbreak 2022: Aggressive steps by US

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Monkeypox outbreak 2022: Aggressive steps by US, Vaccine shortage, how to combat monkeypox (treatment, symptoms, causes and vaccine available)

With an unanticipated and increasing number of cases of the monkeypox outbreak 2022 in the U.S., there is a rush by U.S. health officials to recommend people get vaccinated against the monkeypox virus.

They also released information to deploy more monkeypox vaccines and do more testing, so they can thrive against monkeypox outbreaks in the U.S.

The administration advised the pool of people to get vaccinated, who may realize that they are infected on their own.

In most of the monkeypox patients, they experience only fever with chills, fatigue, and body aches. Otherwise, with more serious illnesses, they can develop a rash and lesions on the hands and face that can spread over other parts of the body.

From where does Monkeypox start?

Monkeypox disease was endemic and confine to parts of Africa, where people have been infected by the bites from animals such as rodents include rats, squirrels, mice, etc. But the cases of the monkeypox surprisingly increase in Europe and the United States last month.

How many cases of Monkeypox 2022 reported in the US and other parts of the World?

Monkeypox outbreak 2022

From last month, the cases continued to increase. Now, the US reported 306 cases in 27 states and the District of Columbia on Jun 29, 2022.

More than 4700 cases have been reported in more than 40 countries until now, excluding the parts of Africa where the disease is endemic.

Unlike Covid-19, according to health officials, there is a low risk to the American public. But they are taking multiple measures to combat growing cases.

One of the steps is to expand the group of people to get the vaccination. These vaccines boost immunity against the monkeypox virus, even before they get infected. But for those, if they were infected and given within days or a week, will help them to reduce the severity of the virus symptoms.

Right now, vaccines Available in America are:

There are two doses available for the American public, one is Jynneos and ACAM2000. Both vaccines are for smallpox, which is effective against monkeypox.

The vaccine ACAM2000 is the older version of the vaccine, it is effective, but there are greater side effects and not recommended for HIV people. On the other hand, the vaccine Jynneos is safe for vaccination, so the health official is rooted to use it as a primary weapon.

As for now, the government is deploying over 9000 doses of vaccine, and they will increase the amount of Jynneos vaccine up to 56000 doses immediately and over 2,40,000 in upcoming months.

As for now, there are limited doses of Jynneos. For this reason, the health official said they will use a four-tier distribution strategy, in which they will give priority to jurisdictions where most of the cases are located.

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Deeper into Monkeypox virus:

Causes:

Monkeypox virus is the agent of monkeypox. It is a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae.

How monkeypox is related to Smallpox?

The monkeypox virus is similar to the smallpox virus, as they both are related to Orthopoxvirus infection.

Transmission:

Animal-to-human transmission occurs from direct contact with blood, bodily fluids, or bites from infected animals.

Human-to-human transmission occurs from close contact with respiratory secretions, skin lesions of an infected person or contaminated objects, prolonged face-to-face contact as well as physical contact are the factors of transmission however it is not clear by WHO (according to their website) if monkeypox can be transmitted through sexual transmission routes, as more studies are needed.

Symptoms:

Monkeypox is a self-limited disease with symptoms last between 2 and 4 weeks.

Signs and symptoms include fever, intense headache, swelling of the lymph nodes, back pain, muscle aches, and fatigue and if it intensifies includes rashes on the face, hands, and other body parts.

Vaccine:

Smallpox vaccines are 85% effective against monkeypox vaccines according to WHO.

Q: How many cases of monkeypox reported in US until now?

Ans: 306 cases in the US.

Q: Is monkeypox deadly?

Ans: No, monkeypox fatality ratio is around 3-6% by WHO.

Q: First case of monkeypox is reported in which year?

Ans: In 1970, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 9-month-old boy.

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